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Movember – Stop Men Dying Too Young

When it comes to their health, too many men don’t talk, don’t take action, and die too young.
Movember ( “mo”, and “November”) an annual event involving the growing of moustaches during the month of November to raise awareness of men’s health issues, such as Anxiety, Prostate cancer, testicular cancer, and depression and suicide.

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men worldwide. Please pay attention as often there aren’t any early warning signs for prostate cancer, as a growing prostate tumor usually does not push against anything to cause pain, so the disease may be silent for many years.

However, in some cases, prostate cancer can cause symptoms that include:

Warning signs

A need to urinate frequently, especially at night, sometimes urgently.
Difficulty starting or holding back urination
Weak, dribbling, or interrupted flow of urine
Painful or burning urination
Difficulty in having an erection
A decrease in the amount of fluid ejaculated
Painful ejaculation
Blood in the urine or semen
Pressure or pain in the rectum
Pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips, pelvis, or thighs
Sudden onset of any of these symptoms merits a call to your doctor.

When to start screening?

If you are age 50 or over, or have a family history of prostate cancer, one should consider a yearly rectal examination and PSA test, and should discuss the risks and benefits of these screening procedures with doctor.

Once you are over about 70 years of age, you stop screening, with the rationale that the potential benefits do not outweigh the harms, because many cases of prostate cancer are very slow-growing, and treatments can be taxing. However, if you are a healthy man over 70, The decision about whether to screen past age 70 should be made on an individual basis. The ultimate goal is to catch active cancer early so it can be successfully treated, to give you the longest, healthiest life possible.

What can you do about it to prevent or delay the onset of the disease?

1. Eat fewer calories or exercise more so that you maintain a healthy weight.
2. Try to keep the amount of fat you get from red meat and dairy products to a minimum.
3. Watch your calcium intake. Do not take supplemental doses far above the recommended daily allowance. Avoid taking more than 1,500 mg of calcium a day.
4. Eat more fish – evidence from several studies suggest that fish can help protect against prostate cancer because they have “good fat” particularly omega-3 fatty acids. Avoid Trans fatty acids (found in margarine).
5. Try to incorporate cooked tomatoes that are cooked with olive oil, which has also been shown to be beneficial and cruciferous vegetables (like broccoli and cauliflower) into many of your weekly meals. Soy and green tea are also potential dietary components that may be helpful.
6. Avoid smoking for many reasons.
7. Seek medical treatment for stress, high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, and depression. Treating these conditions may save your life and will improve your survivorship with prostate cancer
8. Avoid over-supplementation with megavitamins. Too many vitamins, especially folate, may “fuel the cancer”, and while a multivitamin is not likely to be harmful, if you follow a healthy diet with lots of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish, and healthy oils you likely do not even need a multivitamin. Ask your doctor about herbal supplements as some may harm you.
9. Relax and enjoy life. Reducing stress in the workplace and home will improve your survivorship and lead to a longer, happier life.

Finally, although living a healthy lifestyle and eating right are good for you, they will not eliminate your risk of prostate cancer, nor will they cure you by themselves if you are diagnosed with prostate cancer.

Testicular cancer

Is cancer that develops in the testicles, a part of the male reproductive system. Symptoms may include a lump in the testicle, or swelling or pain in the scrotum.
Testicular cancer most commonly occurs in males 20 to 34 years old, rarely before age 15. Outcomes are better when the disease remains localized. Risk factors include an undescended testis, family history of the disease, and previous history of testicular cancer.
Diagnosis is typically based on a physical exam, ultrasound, and blood tests. Surgical removal of the testicle with examination under a microscope is then done to determine the type. Testicular cancer is highly treatable and usually curable.] Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or stem cell transplantation.[2] Even in cases in which cancer has spread widely, chemotherapy offers a cure rate greater than 80%. Treatment may result in infertility.

Mental Illnesses

Mental Illnesses are brain-based conditions that affect thinking, emotions, and behaviors. Since we all have brains – having some kind of mental health problem during your life is really common. There are more than 200 classified forms of mental illness. Some of the more common disorders are anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, dementia and schizophrenia. With proper care and treatment many individuals learn to cope or recover from a mental illness or emotional disorder.

Mental health signs and symptoms

Confused thinking
Prolonged depression (sadness or irritability)
Feelings of extreme highs and lows
Excessive fears, worries and anxieties
Social withdrawal
Dramatic changes in eating or sleeping habits
Strong feelings of anger
Strange thoughts (delusions)
Seeing or hearing things that aren’t there (hallucinations)
Growing inability to cope with daily problems and activities
Suicidal thoughts
Numerous unexplained physical ailments

Suggestions for preventing mental illness

1. Find a support system. Find someone to talk to about your feelings and experiences.
2. Change your attitude. Remember we have a choice. “Life is 10% what happens to us, and 90% how we react to it.”
3. Be realistic. Set practical goals for dealing with situations and solving problems. Develop realistic expectations of yourself and others.
4. Get organized and take charge. Plan your time, make a schedule, establish your priorities.
5. Take breaks, give yourself “me time.” Learn that taking time to yourself for rejuvenation and relaxation is just as important as giving time to other activities.
6. Take good care of yourself. Eat properly, get regular rest, keep a routine. Allow yourself to do something you enjoy each day.
Paradoxically, the time we need to take care of ourselves the most, when we are stressed, is the time we do it the least.
7. Learn to say “no.” Protect yourself by not allowing yourself to take on every request or opportunity that comes your way.
8. Get regular exercise. Exercising regularly can help relieve some symptoms of depression and stress, and help us to maintain our health.
9. Get a hobby, do something different. For a balanced lifestyle, play is as important as work.
10. Slow down. Know your limits and cut down on the number of things you try to do each day, particularly if you do not have enough time for them or for yourself.
11. Laugh, use humor. Do something fun and enjoyable.
12. Learn to relax. Develop a regular relaxation routine, meditation, or some simple quiet time.

Incorporate relaxation exercises in your daily routine. There are many different kinds of relaxation exercises like

Deep Breathing
Deep breathing is an excellent relaxation tool that can be adapted for almost any situation.
Visualization: Visualization is a nice way of giving our minds and bodies a “mini vacation.“
Progressive Muscle Relaxation
Progressive muscle relaxation is a deep relaxation technique that has been effectively used to control stress and anxiety, Progressive muscle relaxation is based upon the simple practice of tensing, or tightening, one muscle group at a time followed by a relaxation phase with release of the tension.

Creating a Stress Log
A stress log can help you identify your major stressors, and it can help you identify trends in those stressors. Identifying the cause of stress can help you reduce the number and impact of stressors in your life, and it can help you manage the stress that does occur.

 

Dr. Aamerah Shah – MRCP, MRCGP, DRCOG, DipCard.
Specialist Family Medicine
American Hospital Dubai

 

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PakistanAssociationDubai

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